How old is Romanian History

Romania is a country with a rich and varied history, spanning over two millennia. It is a land that has seen numerous empires rise and fall and has been inhabited by a diverse range of cultures and peoples. The question of how old Romanian history is, is a complex one, as it involves examining the various historical periods that have shaped the country, from its most ancient times to the modern era. In this post, we will explore the different stages of Romanian history and examine how they have contributed to the country’s unique cultural heritage.

How Old Is Romanian History? Exploring Centuries of Cultural Evolution

The earliest evidence of human settlement in Romania dates back to the Paleolithic period, around 200,000 years ago. The region that is now Romania has been inhabited by various peoples and tribes since prehistoric times. The earliest known civilization in the region was the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture, which flourished between 4800 and 3000 BC. This culture was known for its sophisticated pottery and metalworking and had a complex social hierarchy.

However, the history of the Romanian people as a distinct cultural entity can be traced back to the Dacian civilization, which emerged around the 5th century BC. The Dacians were an Indo-European people who inhabited the territory of modern-day Romania, as well as parts of Moldova, Bulgaria, and Serbia. They were known for their fierce resistance to Roman rule, and their leader Decebalus is still celebrated as a national hero in Romania today.

The Dacians were an agricultural society, with a strong warrior culture and a serious artistic tradition. The people constructed impressive fortifications and had a complex social hierarchy, with kings and nobles holding significant power. They were also skilled metalworkers and created intricate gold and silver jewelry, as well as weapons and tools. They also had a highly developed culture, with their language, religion, and art. In 106 AD, the Roman Empire conquered the Dacian kingdom, and these lands became part of the Roman province of Dacia.

Roman Times. How old is Christianity in Romania?

As we were saying, in the first century Romania was conquered by the Roman Empire, marking the beginning of a new era in the region’s history. The Romans brought with them a civilization with advanced engineering, architecture, and cultural practices.

During the Roman period, Romania became known as Dacia Felix (Happy Dacia), and saw significant economic and cultural growth. The Romans built impressive public works, including roads, aqueducts, and public buildings, and introduced new technologies and agricultural practices.

The Roman period also saw the emergence of a vibrant artistic and literary culture, with poets and writers like Ovidius achieving international recognition. The Roman occupation of Romania lasted until the 3rd century AD, when the empire began to decline and the region fell under the control of various barbarian tribes.

During the time that Romans ruled this lands, they built numerous cities, roads, and fortifications throughout the province, including the famous Trajan’s Bridge over the Danube River. The Roman occupation left a lasting impact on Romanian culture, as the Latin language and Roman architecture became deeply ingrained in the local traditions.

The Roman era also saw the spread of Christianity throughout Romania. The first Christian communities in the region were established in the 2nd century AD, and by the 4th century, Christianity had become the dominant religion in the area. The Romanian Orthodox Church, which is still the country’s predominant religious institution, traces its roots back to this period.

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Where do Romanians originally come from? Are Romanians originally from Rome?

The origins of the Romanian people have been a topic of interest and speculation for many years. There are many theories about where the Romanians come from and whether they are originally from Rome. Here, we will explore few of the various theories and evidence related to the origins of the Romanian people and their connection to ancient Rome.

The Romanian people are a group of people who speak the Romanian language, which is a Romance language that evolved from Latin. This fact alone suggests a connection to ancient Rome, but it is important to understand that not all Romance language speakers are descendants of the ancient Romans. Latin was widely spoken across the Roman Empire, including in regions that are now outside of Italy. The Romance languages evolved from Latin through the influence of other languages and cultures over time.

One theory about the origins of the Romanian people suggests that they are descendants of the ancient Dacians, who lived in what is now Romania before the Roman conquest of the region. This theory is supported by archaeological evidence that suggests that the Dacians were a distinct people with their own culture and language.

History of Romania: Cultural Heritage and its Descendants

Another theory suggests that the Romanians are descended from a mixture of ancient Dacians, Roman colonists, and other groups that settled in the region over time. This theory is supported by historical evidence that shows the Roman Empire established several colonies in the region that is now Romania. The Romans also conquered the Dacian kingdom in 106 AD and subsequently colonized the area. This theory also explains the connection to ancient Rome through the Latin language.

However, there is no clear evidence to support the claim that the Romanians are direct descendants of ancient Roman colonists. The Romanian people likely descend from a blend of ancient Dacians, Roman colonists, and other settlers in the region. The Latin language was likely adopted by the local population due to its widespread use across the Roman Empire.

The Romanian people’s origins are uncertain, but their history and culture exemplify human civilization’s diversity and complexity.

Medieval Times in Romania

After the fall of the Roman Empire, Romania was invaded by various barbarian tribes, including the Goths, Huns, and Avars. In the 7th century, the region was conquered by the Bulgarians, who established the First Bulgarian Empire. However, the Bulgarian rule was short-lived, and by the 10th century, the region had been conquered by the Hungarian kingdom.

The medieval period saw the emergence of several powerful Romanian principalities, including Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania. Neighboring powers, including the Ottoman Empire, frequently invaded these principalities, conquering Wallachia and Moldavia in the 15th century. During the 15th century, neighboring powers, including the Ottoman Empire, frequently invaded and conquered Wallachia and Moldavia.

The two principalities were initially vassals of the Hungarian and Ottoman empires but gradually gained greater autonomy. In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire conquered both principalities and established direct rule over the region. However, local princes (voivodes) governed the principalities with a degree of autonomy.

The Romanian principalities developed their own distinctive cultures, with unique artistic traditions, music, and literature.

How old is Romanian history? When was Romania first created? Modern Times

In 1859, Wallachia and Moldavia united to form the Principality of Romania, establishing Bucharest as its capital. Following the Russo-Turkish War of 1878, the major European powers recognized the new state of Romania as an independent country. Modern Romania as known today emerged in 1918 when all Romanian-inhabited provinces united into a single national state.

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The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw Romania experience rapid industrialization and modernization. Romania became a constitutional monarchy in 1866, developing a strong economy with thriving agricultural and manufacturing sectors by 1900. This period also saw the emergence of a vibrant cultural scene, with Romanian artists, writers, and musicians gaining international recognition.

However, World War I interrupted Romania’s progress, with the country occupied by the Central Powers. After the war, Romania gained significant territories, including Transylvania, Banat, and Bukovina, formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

During the interwar period, Romania faced political instability and economic turmoil as it grappled with the aftermath of the war. In 1940, Romania yielded territory to Hungary and the Soviet Union, and in 1941, it aligned with the Axis powers.

During the war, Romania endured occupation by both the Germans and Soviets, resulting in significant human and territorial losses. In 1947, Romania became a socialist republic and remained under communist rule until the Soviet Union fell in 1989.

Learn The Romanian Language – A Valuable Heritage

In conclusion, the question of how old Romanian history is cannot be answered with a simple number. This history is a complex tapestry, woven over two millennia from myriad threads. Romania’s history spans empires, powerful principalities, and a transition to a democratic, modern society.

Her rich cultural heritage is shaped by its diverse history and traditions over time. Today, Romania continues to build on this heritage, as it faces the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century.

Equally important, this country often underestimated, stands out as one of the world’s most beautiful and unique languages. At this point, Romanian is the official language of Romania and Moldova, spoken in neighboring countries like Ukraine, Serbia, and Hungary. So, Romanian is a Romance language, which means it has evolved from Latin, just like French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian.

In a word, one of the most striking features of the Romanian language is its musicality. So, Romanian’s multitude of vowel sounds imbue the language with a melodic quality. This musicality is especially evident in Romanian music, where the lyrics often flow seamlessly with the melody. So, Romanian is highly expressive, with diverse vocabulary and intonation patterns enabling speakers to convey a wide range of emotions.


The heritage of the Romanian language is also of great importance. On one hand, it stands alone among Romance languages in Eastern Europe, with a history dating back to the Roman Empire. In the same way, Romania has endured centuries of political and social changes, remaining pivotal to Romania’s cultural identity. For the same reason, Romanian literature, art, and music draw inspiration from the language and its unique characteristics.

So far, in recent years, there has been a renewed interest in preserving and promoting the Romanian language and its heritage. So, the Romanian government funds language schools and cultural events to preserve and revitalize the language.

In conclusion, the Romanian language is a beautiful and unique language with a rich cultural heritage. To that end, Romanian’s musicality and expressiveness make it a joy to speak and listen to, crucial to Romanian culture.

To sum up, if you want to explore this heritage, learn Romanian at the best starting point

Romanian language courses from 15 €/hour. Cursuri de limba romana de la 15 €/ ora.