Transylvania, land of unspoken stories, vampires and rulers. This is what the Romanian region, is known for. Fair enough, but there’s more to know about it. Pack up some garlic and let me guide you through the timeline history of  today’s Transylvania!  Romania is a beautiful country, we all know that, and if you don’t, you definitely should step in to the country of legends, you won’t regret it! But what makes the „homeland of Dracula” a must visit destination?

Transylvania Romania: 5 things that take it a must-visit destination


Transylvania Romania, historical and geographical region located inside the Carpathian arc, is a land of mystery, beauty, and enchantment. It is a region steeped in history and culture, famous for a particular vampire that will remain a trademark for Romanian tourism. From medieval castles to stunning landscapes, Transylvania, Romania, has several attractions that will leave an indelible impression on anyone who visits. Stay tuned because I’m going to “introduce” you to five most favorite things about Transylvania! Let’s see what makes it an excellent choice for a vacation destination!

Discover Transylvania, Romania‘s haunted and captivating sights, experience the wondrous mountain scenery, quaint cobbled streets, and legendary castles, get the chance to discover the great culture and the many customs still in this part of the world. Enjoy tasting local delicacies such as ” țuică” and homemade pastries. Make the most of your experience in Romania!

1. Rich History

Transylvania has a unique blend of cultures, languages, and traditions. The medieval castles built by the Saxons in the 12th century still attract tourists worldwide.

The Bran Castle, needs no more to be introduced, also known as the Dracula’s Castle, is a national monument of Romania and a must-visit for history buffs. Take a thrilling journey back to the 15th century with a guided tour of Count Dracula’s castle in Transylvania, Romania, exploring the spooky chambers and gothic grounds! This medieval fortress is perched on a hilltop overlooking the village of Bran.

 Another iconic attraction in Transylvania is the medieval city of Sighisoara, known for its well-preserved medieval architecture and colorful houses. The city is also the birthplace of  Vlad the Impaler, a 15th-century ruler of Wallachia who inspired the character of Count Dracula. Visitors can explore the fortified old town, climb the Clock Tower, and learn about the history and legends of the region.

The Corvin Castle, famously known as one of the “Seven Wonders Of Romania”, is a magnificent fortress that was once the prison of  Vlad the Impaler.

2. Natural Beauty

Transylvania, is home to some stunning natural beauty. The Carpathian Mountains run through the region, creating breathtaking landscapes and opportunities for outdoor activities. The ”Piatra Craiului National Park” is a perfect spot for hiking and birdwatching, while the “Fagăraș Mountains” offer skiing and snowboarding during the winter months.

A bear-watching excursion in Transylvania will provide you with an unforgettable experience. Discover these fascinating species up close as you journey through Transylvania’s breathtaking woodlands. Prepare your camera, as you might want to record any unique human-bear interactions!

3. Cultural Diversity

Transylvania is home to several ethnic groups with unique cultures and traditions. The Szekelys, the Romanian Saxons, and the Hungarian minority have their customs and beliefs, which have evolved over centuries. Transylvania is renowned for its folklore, music, and dance, which are still alive today. The region contains several museums, including the National Museum of Romanian History and the Astra National Museum Complex, where visitors can learn more about Transylvania’s cultural heritage.

The region will amaze you with picturesque towns, such as Sighișoara, Bierțan, and Alba Iulia, where one can marvel at the architecture and the local cuisine.

4. Festivals and Events

Transylvania has several festivals and events throughout the year. The Sighișoara Medieval Festival, held in July, celebrates the town’s medieval history and features reenactments, music, and dance. The Bran Castle Halloween Party, held in October, is a unique event where visitors can experience the spookiness of the Dracula legend. The Festival of Cluj, held in August, is a music festival that attracts international artists and music enthusiasts worldwide.

5. Welcoming People

Lastly, what makes Transylvania different from other vacation destinations is the people who live there. The locals are known for being warm, friendly, and welcoming. Visitors can have the chance to engage with the locals and experience their culture, cuisine, and hospitality. There are several Transylvanian inns and eco-tourism resorts where visitors can stay and experience the authentic Transylvanian way of life.

Transylvania Times: A Historical Overview of Transylvania 

Transylvania’s rich and complex history spans centuries of invasions, conflicts, and migrations. The region, located in the heart of Romania, has been inhabited since ancient times. It became a melting pot of cultures, languages, and religions, shaped by the influence of the neighboring empires and kingdoms. Transylvania times have seen ups and downs, yet the region continues to evolve as one of the most vibrant and fascinating spots of Eastern Europe.

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 Let’s explore the times that Transylvania faced and provide a brief overview of the most critical events in its history:

The Middle Ages: The Middle Ages marked a crucial period in the history of Transylvania, as various states and powers, including the Hungarian Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and the Habsburg Empire, ruled the region.

The rise of the Hungarian Kingdom in the 10th century brought an influx of Magyar tribes into Transylvania, who established their dominance over the local population. The 13th century saw the emergence of the Transylvanian Saxons, German colonists who settled in the region and established fortified towns and economic centers. The Ottoman invasions of the 16th and 17th centuries brought devastation and decline to Transylvania, leading to political instability and social unrest.

The Modern Era: The 18th and 19th centuries mark Transylvania’s economic growth, cultural flourishing, and political reforms. The Habsburg Empire brought modernization and industrialization to the region, laying the foundations of a prosperous and diverse society. Transylvania became a hub for trade, education, and innovation, attracting people from all over Europe who contributed to its rich cultural heritage. The 20th century came with many challenges to Transylvania, caught between the shifting political alliances of World War I and II, the rise of communism, and the fall of the Iron Curtain.

The post-communist era saw Transylvania entering a new development phase characterized by democratization, integration into the European Union, and reviving its cultural identities.

Timeline of significant events in Transylvania

BC: The Thracians, Dacians, Romans, and Goths inhabited the region, leaving significant traces of their cultures and civilizations.

1000 AD: The Hungarians conquer Transylvania and establish their regional rule.

1191: Transylvania receives its first mention in written records.

1224: The Teutonic Knights arrive in Transylvania and find a powerful military order.

1291: Sibiu becomes the capital of the Transylvanian Saxons.

1526: The Battle of Mohacs marks the beginning of the Ottoman invasions of Transylvania.

1683: The Habsburg Empire liberates Buda and Transylvania from the Ottoman yoke.

1848: The Romanian Revolution of 1848 brings political reforms and national liberation to Transylvania.

1918: The proclamation of the Union of Transylvania with Romania.

1940: The Vienna Award transfers Northern Transylvania to Hungary.

1945: The Treaty of Paris restores Transylvania to Romania.

1989: The fall of communism in Romania brings political and economic changes to Transylvania.

2021: Transylvania is an important tourist destination known for its medieval cities, natural landscapes, and cultural diversity.

2022: Taste of Transylvania Food Festival, a bunch of committed people put the region on the “food culture map”, “Transylvania Open WTA250”, hard work turns into magic for those willing to believe, the city of Cluj-Napoca got two WTA licences in just a year.

Transylvania is a place of extraordinary beauty, history, and culture, where the past and present coexist perfectly. Whether you are interested in exploring its castles, hiking its mountains, or discovering its traditions and customs, Transylvania will always have something to offer. The Transylvania Times is a testament to this great region’s everlasting allure.

Transylvania Flag


The Transylvania flag has a complex history, reflecting the various cultures and religions that have influenced the region over the centuries. The first recorded flag of Transylvania dates back to the 14th century, during the reign of King Louis I of Hungary. The flag featured a golden eagle with two heads on a red background, symbolizing the royal power and prestige of the Hungarian Kingdom.

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In the 16th century, the Transylvanian flag underwent a significant change following the establishment of the Principality of Transylvania, an autonomous political entity within the Ottoman Empire. The new flag featured a white eagle with two heads on a blue background, symbolizing the Christian identity of the Transylvanian population.

In the 19th century, as Transylvania became part of the Habsburg Empire, the flag was again modified to include the coat of arms of the Habsburgs, with the two-headed eagle and the imperial crown. After the First World War, Transylvania became part of Romania.

Today, the Romanian flag consists trough others of the Transylvanian flag which features three stripes, blue, yellow, and red, symbolizing the union of Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania.

Various cultural and historical organizations still use the Transylvanian flag to symbolize regional identity and pride. It features a white eagle with two heads on a blue background, surrounded by a red border, and it reflects Transylvania’s diverse and complex history.

Transylvania Population

The influence of various ethnic groups and civilizations created the Transylvania population. Thus, these have left their mark on the region’s language, religion, and culture.

The first recorded inhabitants of Transylvania were the Dacians, an ancient tribe from the Carpathian mountains, who established a rich and powerful civilization.

The Magyars established a feudal society, which lasted until the Ottoman invasions of the 16th century.

During the Ottoman period, Transylvania became a refuge for various ethnic groups, including the Transylvanian Saxons, the Szekelys, and the Armenians. These groups established their communities and contributed to the diversity of Transylvania’s population.

After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Transylvania became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, undergoing economic and cultural growth. In the 20th century, they brought many changes to Transylvania’s population, including massive migrations, forced pacifications, and social upheavals. Today, Transylvania has a population of around 7 million, of which the majority are ethnic Romanians. However, the region also has significant Hungarian, Romanian, and German minorities, each with cultural traditions and identities.

Who was first in Transylvania?

The question of who was first in Transylvania is controversial, as the region’s history goes back to prehistoric times. However, according to the most accepted theories, the first inhabitants of Transylvania were the Dacians, a Thracian tribe that lived in the Carpathian mountains during the first millennium BC.

The Dacians established a powerful and sophisticated civilization known for its impressive fortresses, complex religious beliefs, and artistic achievements. The Dacians fought wars against the Roman Empire, conquered the region in AD 106, and established colonies and garrisons.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, Transylvania became a territory of various powers, including the Huns, the Avars, the Magyars, and the Ottoman Empire. These powers brought culture, language, and religion to the region, contributing to Transylvania’s complex and diverse identity.

 The Transylvania flag reflects the region’s complex history, while the Transylvania population demonstrates the influence of various ethnic groups and civilizations. The question of who was first in Transylvania remains open to interpretation, but what is certain is that the region’s past, present, and future will always be a matter of influence by its people, traditions, and values.

Final thoughts

Transylvania, Romania, unique and fascinating region

 With its rich history, cultural diversity, natural beauty, festivals, and welcoming people, Transylvania, is nothing but a must-visit destination able to compete with even the Italian Tuscany. The area has an undeniable mysticism and charm that has caught many’s imagination and continues attracting tourists worldwide.

From its medieval castles and fortified towns to its stunning mountains and national parks, there is something for everyone in this fascinating region. Whether you’re a history buff, a nature lover, or a fan of vampire legends, look no further than Transylvania, Romania!

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